There are two categories that fishing reels fall into, but those categories can be further broken down into subcategories. Reels don’t exactly play an integral part when fishing for different types of fish, but they do play a part in how well you fish with them and the level of mastery needed to use each type.
Baitcasting Fishing Reels
Baitcasting fishing reels are sometimes called overhead reels for the way they are cast. Baitcast reels are also known as conventional reels. They are very simple in design and there is a revolving spool that the line goes around. The crank for the spool can be fitted so that it accomodates both right and left handed anglers. Most baitcast reels are made from either aluminum or steel, but some cheaper reels are made from lighter graphite. The gears used to turn the reel can be adjusted with different ratios from 2:1 to 6:1. Many bass fishers use baitcast reels. These reels can take quite a lot of skill to master.
Spinning reels were first designed over a century ago and were made specifically for catching small trout and salmon. There are one of the more common types of reels and are great starting reels for new anglers.
They work great for light lures and are very sensitive, so they make great reels for catching smaller fish. A newer design in spinning reels has come out called the spincast reel which uses the same idea behind the spinning reel, but adds in a button to control the reel action which makes them easier to use. However, because of the button’s action, the reel becomes a little less sensitive than before.
No matter which type of reel you choose to use, you will want to make sure you learn all the nuances of it. It will take time to master both the baitcasting reel and the spinning reel as they both work in different ways. As always, the best way to get a feel for them is to simply get out and go fishing with your reel.